What We Do

Human Trafficking

What is it?

Human Trafficking is a modern-day form of slavery.  There are two types of human trafficking – sex trafficking and labor trafficking.  In both types, traffickers use tactics of force, fraud or coercion to control victims.  Tactics traffickers use include violence, sexual violence, threats, blackmail, false promises, deception, manipulation, debt bondage and more to trap vulnerable individuals in horrendous situations.

Recognizing trafficking victims can be hard, even though many are hidden in plain sight.  Victims can still be living in their own home, attending school, and/or participating in activities in their community.  Victims aren’t usually tied up physically, but often held hostage psychologically.

Sex Trafficking

Sex Trafficking occurs when a person (trafficker) forces another person (victim) into commercial sex for financial gain.  In the United States, minors under 18 years of age are considered to be a victim of sex trafficking regardless of the use of force, fraud or coercion.  Traffickers target victims, often building trust, before using violence, threats, lies, false promises, debt bondage or other forms of control and manipulation to keep victims involved in the sex industry. 

Labor Trafficking

Labor trafficking occurs when a trafficker forces a victim to perform labor or services using force, fraud or coercion.  This includes situations of debt bondage, forced labor and involuntary child labor.  Labor trafficking exists in many industries, including domestic work in homes as well.  Workers are often subjected to terrible conditions with little or no benefits.  When subjected to debt bondage, victims often feel as though they have no escape. 

Labor traffickers commonly make false promises, such as high pay, education opportunities, great benefits and more to lure victims.  Employers maintain control with physical and psychological abuse, leading victims to believe the only choice is to continue working for that employer.